How to change the timing chain on an alpha moped video

How to set timing marks on an alpha moped

Checking the timing belt by marks on the Delta EX 50 moped engine 1P39FMB (139FMB)
Comments from those interested:

Roman Khimchenko 2 weeks. reverse And if it doesn’t match WHAT to do

Vladimir Voronov 2 weeks. reverse Set it to match.

Vladimir Voronov 1 month ago This is nice. )) And of course there will be new videos, just wait a little.

Vladimir Voronov 1 month ago Yes! Another thing, don’t install two gaskets; it won’t make things any better; an increase in the combustion chamber will result in a drop in power.

Hunter38767 3 weeks reverse And if you have a 50cc head and a 72cc piston, then you need to change the head.

Hunter38767 3 weeks reverse Two gaskets are not allowed, look, the valves may be overtightened, unscrew the two caps on the head, and look at the gap, it should be 0.05 on the feeler gauge. But if they hit the piston, then there is no gap.

Sergey Vasiliev 1 month back Vadim, thank you, I read a lot of useful information, thank you, I will be glad to see new videos on alpha, I’m really looking forward to it

Arkady Novoselov 1 month back, well done, thank you for you!

Is it possible to drive?

In short - NO NO! We immediately go to the service station and look for the causes of this malfunction. Of course, if the chain rattles for a short period of time, you have a few days, maybe even weeks. But again, I wouldn't wait. All this can end very badly!

When replacing, I also do not advise you to save money - we change the tensioners, the chain, you should not change everything separately. As a rule, the complete set is changed, especially if your mileage is really high.

Now let's watch the video version

I’ll end here, I think my article and video were useful to you. Sincerely yours, AUTOBLOGGER

24 votes, average: 4.88 out of 5)

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How to Tension the Timing Chain on an Alpha Moped

Photo report: how to check the drive chain of a scooter?

In life it is always like this: one wonderful thing, another bad. The same principle applies to various types of manual transmissions. Chain transmission was no exception. On the one hand, there is nothing simpler, more reliable, simpler, more compact and cheaper than a chain drive.

On the other hand, we get endless hemorrhages with chain stretching, sprocket wear, endless cleaning and lubrication, maintenance and stretching of the chain itself. But nothing can be done, the gearbox has many advantages over other types of mechanical gears, since these types of gears are used almost everywhere.

In general, now we will not talk about the chain drive as such, but about a method for diagnosing chain synchronization, which drives the scooter .

To change or not to change?

Let's say you're using most of your engine: you're replacing gaskets, crankshafts, gaskets and other things, but you're hesitant about replacing your timing chain with a new one. There is no doubt in your mind that you should replace it with a new one as soon as possible. And now I will explain why.

See for yourself: the average lifespan of a chain is approximately 18,000-20,000 km (personal experience), which is approximately the same as the average life of the engine itself. And for example, after driving 6000 km, the crankshaft jammed or the engine leaked, or something else that required complete disassembly of the engine. Naturally, you disassemble the engine, replace the crankshaft with a new one and leave the chain, which by that time has exhausted a third of your resource.

READ How to Twist Mileage on Accent

So what's going on? After 12,000 km the chain will fail and become unusable and the crankshaft and other parts will start to work and you will, if not want, have to halve the engine again through one chain. It's necessary? The chain is a consumable item. Never skimp on this!


Personally, I never check the time. I just throw them in the trash, no matter how wonderful they seem to me. For me it's a chain. This is a consumable item, the same as a spark plug, oil or oil seal. But if it's important to you or money is stressful, you can use your old grandfather.

Alpha tensioner repair

Tensioner repair £149.

We stretch the chain along its length, squeeze it with our fingers and try to position it in a horizontal position.

READ Replacement Timing Chain Volkswagen Jetta 1.4

To be clear, I took a new and very worn chain, connected them and checked for horizontal bending. As you can see: the new chain (above) has made a slight arc and is worn and no good, like snot, almost 90 degrees.

The worn chain was almost an inch longer than the new one.

How to replace the chain of scooters?

It's very simple, friends: remove the engine from the frame, disassemble it and replace the chain with a new one. There are no special secrets in this, and there are also no special ways to cheat fate without disassembling the engine. The chain can only be replaced by completely disassembling the engine.

The timing chain is not intended to be riveted or riveted in any way. It can be easily twisted or twisted while riveting and this is the correct way to ensure that the chain in the engine is pushed against the sprocket and luckily it can work and possibly bend the valve. And one more thing: a beginner will not be able to rivet a quality network. This work is not as simple as it might seem at first glance. So don’t suffer from debris, but disassemble the engine.

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They brought in a moped (Alpha 110) with a complaint about a foreign knocking noise in the engine, as it turned out that it was loose timing chain. Foam.

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How to replace the timing chain in an engine

Having decided on such an action as replacing the timing chain of a scooter, you need to decide on how to implement your plan.

There are two replacement options:

How to change, everyone decides for themselves. Both methods, advantages and disadvantages are described in detail below.

With disassembly

You should choose the right tools - generator and variator pullers (you can make them yourself), a kickstarter sprocket puller, 8, 10, 12 and 17 mm sockets, a hammer, two screwdrivers (flat, Phillips).

The engine is removed from its place, the oil is poured out, all parts are wiped and cleaned. Next, remove the muffler and cooling casing. We remove the generator only with a puller. To do this, unscrew the bolts from the impeller and remove it from the rotor. It is necessary to fix the rotor with a puller and unscrew the nut. Then we tear the rotor off the crankshaft journal. Remove the variator cover. Also, secure the impeller with a puller, unscrew the nut, and remove the variator from the axle.

Below the variator is the kickstarter gear. Likewise, a puller is required for it. Then we clean the cylinder connector, valve covers and cylinder head. After unscrewing the bolts on the valve covers, remove it. Next, remove the scooter's timing chain tensioner. After unscrewing the bolts on the cylinder head, we pull out the camshaft bed.

Next, remove the chain from the camshaft and pull it out of bed. To avoid losing the guide bushings that center the parts relative to each other, you need to remove them and put them away. We remove the cylinder head, the cylinder itself, and the piston (to do this, remove the retaining ring and pin from the upper connecting rod head).

After unscrewing the bolts on the crankcase cover, tapping it a little, remove it from the engine. We take out the starter intermediate gear, use a screwdriver and a hammer to unscrew the overrunning clutch nut (clockwise) and remove the gear and housing from the trunnion. We reached the chain!

Remove the protective shield from the oil pump. Place a metal stick under the chain, twist the nut on the oil pump sprocket, remove it and remove the chain.

No disassembly

We take the following tools: a Phillips screwdriver, pliers, a new chain and a special puller. More details about it will be below. We flare the new chain - to do this, use a puller to press the pin out of the joint of the links, but not completely.

A little about the puller

It is called a timing chain puller. It can be made by a turner by turning a threaded extruding pin and rolling a strong pin into it with a diameter similar to that of a chain pin. You can purchase a ready-made bicycle one. Just narrow the pin a little to the desired size.

Remove the cooling casing from the scooter engine, then the cylinder head cover. Next you need to remove the chain tensioner. We remove the camshaft bed, take out the shaft, remove the star.

We take the puller, center it with the pin, and gradually press out the pin. You can press it out completely, it will not be useful. We compare the links of the new and old chains, thread the wire into the seat of the pin and fix the ends of both chains. We turn the cooling impeller counterclockwise, gradually replacing the old chain with a new one.

Then we separate the ends of the chains, throw out the old one, and combine the new links from the ends. We check the alignment, install the pin, and use pliers to carefully press the pin in so as not to damage the new chain. We first check the mobility of the links. We finalize the pin with a puller. Again we control mobility. This point is very important: if you install the pin unevenly and miss it, it will begin to rest against one of the links and squeeze out the next one.

As a result, the subsequent pin or link bends, causing it to jam and become immobile.

Next, we assemble the engine in reverse order, placing marks on the rotor. When installing the camshaft bed, after tightening the nuts, you need to check the valve clearances with a feeler gauge. Upper valve – inlet: 0.05mm, lower – exhaust: – 0.1. The feeler gauge should fit freely between the valve and the adjusting bolt.

Then install the chain tensioner. We unscrew the bolt on the top of the tensioner, install a screwdriver in the groove, and, turning it, push the rod back. We fix everything else back according to the diagram.


Let's start adjusting the valves

Let's start with the intake valve, which is located at the top of the cylinder head. We'll need a key for 9. Yes! Not 8, not 10, but 9! Good thing I had a set of sockets in the car. But it is better to use a spanner wrench, which conveniently unscrews the pusher fixing nut on the rocker arm.

Then we need a feeler gauge with a thickness of 0.05 mm, which must be inserted between the pusher and the valve stem. By rotating the pusher, we reduce or increase the thermal gap until the probe moves with slight tension. After tightening the fixing nut, we again check the gap with a feeler gauge, which could have gone astray.

In a similar way, we begin adjusting the exhaust valve.

When and why to check the circuit

Manufacturers recommend checking every 1,000 kilometers. Under intense loads, if you have to travel hundreds of kilometers per day, inspection is required much more often. But by installing a high-quality chain, the motorcyclist will be able to reduce the number of checks.

Just by looking at the moped from the outside, it is not difficult for a specialist to determine if the chain is not tensioned correctly. Such an error when servicing a moped can lead to a break in the chain during a trip. Over-tightening occurs quite often and, despite the presence of lubrication, leads to accelerated wear of the chain. As a result, the suspension begins to work incorrectly. Over time, the hub may fail.

Preparatory work

It is imperative to clean the chain, otherwise tensioning will not work. There is grease on metal surfaces, and dust accumulates on top over time. These contaminants cannot be washed off in ordinary water; you need to use auto chemicals. It is better to choose a product in the form of an aerosol that will not corrode the seals - chain O-rings

If the mechanism is heavily dirty, it is advisable to remove the cover from the drive sprocket. It is important to ensure that the retaining nut is well tightened. The cleaning itself is carried out as follows:

Cleaning the moped chain Now you need to determine the degree of wear of the elements. The chain links should not jam, ideally they move easily. It is also necessary to check the presence and condition of the seals. The sprocket teeth must not be bent, pointed or damaged. Wear on the tooth surfaces may be associated with improper installation of the rear wheel.

To determine the condition of the chain, you need to check whether there are areas where the tension is too high or, conversely, weak. To do this, you need to manually turn the wheel. If such areas are present, it means that the bushings and pins have worn unevenly. In this case, the distance between the pins increases and the chain becomes longer.

Severely worn chain

Often the cause of the appearance of sections with different tensions are problems with other components of the moped. The sprockets may be installed with an incorrectly centered hole or the wrong diameter. Uneven tension may be due to severe wear on the wheel hub or failure of the sprocket hub bearings. But other damage may also be discovered, so it is important to carry out a thorough inspection.

It is easy to determine the degree of wear by the length of the chain. To do this you need to pull it back. It is important to try to pull the chain off the sprocket at the same time. Replacement is required when, when attempting to remove, most of the sprocket tooth becomes visible. If the chain rollers are bent and squeak when driving, it is better to change the part along with the sprockets.

After cleaning, you need to align the rear wheel. This is an easy task if the axis is marked. But the marks sometimes get confused, so additional checking is necessary. As the rear wheel rotates, you need to shine a flashlight and pay attention to the chain. If it does not move straight, it means the installation was not done correctly.

After installing the rear wheel, you need to remember where the marks are located. If they are not symmetrical, this indicates that the marks were applied incorrectly. In this case, you can draw new marks on the reverse side of the chain with a marker. When tightening the rear axle, it is important to push the wrench toward the front wheel.

Electrical equipment maintenance

What can overshadow the operation of a moped is its unpredictable breakdown. And although the manufacturer uses a fairly proven operating diagram for the main components and assemblies, nevertheless, failures in the operation of one or another electronic equipment are possible. (see also the article Features of wiring an Alpha moped)

Wiring to Delta requires attention to connectors and terminals

To avoid this, the owner is required to carry out scheduled technical inspections according to the manufacturer’s recommended periods (based on mileage):

Delta battery

Such close attention to electrical equipment is due to the fact that when driving a moped, the low beam headlights must be turned on at all times. This causes increased wear and tear on all elements of the electrical system. The wiring on the Delta moped also requires attention - the quality of its connectors and connections leaves much to be desired.

The battery deserves special attention for the simple reason that if the charging relay fails, the electrolyte will begin to boil away. (see also the article IZH Planet 2 wiring diagram: installation features)

Mopeds use 2 types of batteries:

Note! Gel batteries are afraid of being completely discharged. Therefore, prolonged movement with a full load on the electrical system is unacceptable.



The cylinder head gasket is made of soft metal (copper, aluminum) and after tightening the cylinder head nuts it is deformed, thereby ensuring a tight connection. Reinstallation of the cylinder head gasket is not permitted. 2. Install the timing chain guide. 3. Install the cylinder head. 4. Set the piston to TDC according to the marks on the flywheel. This is usually the "T" mark on the flywheel. Align the mark with the tide on the engine crankcase.


The following operation is one of the most important when assembling the engine. It is important to align all the marks very accurately. An error in installing the chain even by 1-2 teeth will result in the engine not working correctly, and it will probably even lead to serious damage to the timing and cylinder-piston gas parts when trying to start the engine! 5. After making sure that the timing chain has not jumped off the drive sprocket on the crankshaft, install the camshaft into the cylinder head, at the same time putting a chain on its sprocket so that the marks on the camshaft sprocket are parallel to the plane of the edge of the cylinder head, and the cams are directed downward (inside the head).

6. Install the rocker arm support, orienting it according to the installation marks. Lubricate the cams and camshaft bearings.

On the rocker arm support are the letters “EX” - which means “EXHAUST” - release. The "EX" mark should be located above the exhaust valve.


• Check the correct axial alignment of the camshaft (make sure that the camshaft bearings are correctly positioned on the beds). It is likely that on some scooter models there will be an “IN” - “INTAKE” - inlet mark on the holder. Accordingly, the “IN” mark must be located above the inlet valve.


If the copper washers are severely deformed (flattened), they must be replaced, since if the washers do not fit tightly due to oil leakage, the pressure in the lubrication system will drop and the motor will quickly fail. Sealing this connection with any sealant is unacceptable. 7. Install sealing copper washers on the studs. 8. Screw on all four cylinder head nuts without tightening them. 9. We recess the working rod of the timing chain tensioner inside the housing. 10. Reinstall the timing chain tensioner and tighten its mounting bolts.

11. Insert the working bolt and the timing chain tensioner spring, tighten it. In this case, you can hear characteristic clicks - the ratcheting mechanism of the tensioner working rod will be activated, which, under the influence of a spring, will come out of the housing and tension the timing chain.

12. Sequentially, crosswise tighten the cylinder head nuts in 3-4 steps. The final tightening torque is 10-15 Nm (More accurate values ​​can be found in the repair instructions for the specific scooter model). 13. Screw in and tighten the additional cylinder head bolts. 14. Using a socket wrench for the central bolt of the flywheel, or with your hands holding the flywheel, slowly turn the engine crankshaft clockwise 3-4 turns to make sure that the timing timing is set correctly and the piston does not collide with the valves.

15. We install the crankshaft at TDC of the compression stroke and once again check the correct installation of the camshaft according to the marks.

16. Adjust the valve clearances (see). 17. Rotate the crankshaft several turns and once again check that the valve clearances are set correctly. 18. Install the cylinder head cover and tighten its bolts. 19. Place the crankcase ventilation hose onto the fitting in the cylinder head cover. 20. Install the cylinder cooling casing.


To work with the chain you will need a fairly extensive list of tools. The most important tool in this case will be a special chain riveter - such devices are produced by many companies, so finding one will be relatively easy. The cost of the tool varies between 1000–5000 rubles, depending on the manufacturer and the grade of steel used. From some experienced craftsmen we hear that the riveter is successfully replaced with a hammer, chisel and core. This point of view is completely erroneous - it will not be possible to achieve a reliable connection of the chain with their help, and, most likely, it will soon break.

In addition, replacing sprockets and chain will require the following tools:

  • Torque wrench with comfortable handle;
  • Set of keys and sockets;
  • Compact grinder with a diamond blade for metal;
  • Grease as well as cleaner and chain oil.

It is better not to neglect the selection of high-quality tools, since it will be very unpleasant if during the work the key breaks in your hands and the motorcycle remains half disassembled. Remember that you will have to replace the chain regularly, so it is worth purchasing a quality set once and then using it for several years.

How to tension a chain on an Alpha moped - step-by-step instructions

To simplify access to the necessary components, first remove the rear left passenger footrest. The moped must be placed on the center stand. It is also advisable to unscrew the bolt and remove the exhaust pipe. If this is not done, the ratchet heads cannot be used.

Next, take two keys - 17 and 14 mm. You need to unscrew the nut to loosen the wheel axle. The nut is unscrewed, but not completely. With the second key you need to hold the axle on the reverse side so that there is a stop. If you don't hold it on the reverse side, the axis will spin.

Now you need to loosen the nut located on the other side using a wrench with a diameter of 24 mm.

Using a wrench with a diameter of 10 mm, tighten the chain tension bolt. But the tension should not be too strong.

The rear axle is weakened. You need to make sure that the teeth of the driven sprocket do not fall on the edge of the chain. To do this you need to spin the wheel. When the teeth come in from the right, you need to tighten the bolt a little using a 10 mm wrench. If they enter from the left, it is necessary to loosen it, and if from the right, then, on the contrary, tighten it.

Now you need to tighten the wheel axle with 24 and 17 mm wrenches. The second bolt is tightened with a wrench with a diameter of 14 millimeters. The chain is tight, all that remains is to install the left step and protection.

To properly tension the chain, you will have to align the marks on the sprockets. There are risks and sticks on the suspender. These marks are applied on both sides.

You need to try to ensure that the risks on the right and left coincide. If these marks are not aligned, the wheel will not stay level. Naturally, it will also spin incorrectly. As a result, the rubber will begin to wear out intensively on one side. Therefore, it is important to tighten the nuts on both sides.

For more accurate tightening, it is important to remove the cover covering the chain. Otherwise, there is a chance that it will be pulled too tight. After tensioning, the brakes may also need to be adjusted.

Useful visual video on how to tighten the chain on an Alpha moped:

general information

Consumer qualities

Buyers, first of all, are attracted not only by the fairly affordable price of mopeds of this brand, but also by:

Appearance plays an important role in the popularity of Delta mopeds

Technical features

For convenience, technical information about the most popular moped from China is grouped into a table:

NameDELTA YH 50 QTManufacturerChongqing Wonjan motorcycle China
Power unitSingle-cylinder, 4-stroke, gasoline, air-cooled, 40 cc. cm and 110 cc. cm Supply systemCarburetor
Delta moped wiringSingle-wire, 12-volt with “-” to groundIgnition systemNon-contact – capacitor discharge (CDI)
BatteryLead or helium 12 volt 9 A/hourStarting systemElectric and kickstarter
TransmissionChain, rear wheel, 4 gearsFuel consumption2.0 l per 100 km in mixed mode
BrakesMechanical, drumGas tank capacity4.8 l

For reference: the wiring of the Delta moped is designed for capacitor ignition. The photo below shows its schematic diagram.

The attached instructions for the moped also contain a CDI diagram

To change or not to change?

Suppose you are overhauling your engine: changing oil seals, crankshaft, gaskets and other devices, but you doubt whether to replace the timing chain with a new one or not. If you have any doubts, change it for a new one at the first opportunity. And now I will explain why.

See for yourself: a chain has an average service life of approximately 18,000-20,000 km of a scooter (personal experience), approximately the same as the average service life of the engine itself. And for example, after driving 6,000 km, the crankshaft jammed or the engine leaked, or something else happened that requires complete disassembly of the engine. Naturally, you disassemble the engine, replace the crankshaft with a new one, and leave the chain, which by that time has exhausted a third of its service life.

And what happens? The chain, after 12,000 km, will exhaust its service life and become unusable, but the crankshaft and other parts will be in good order and whether you like it or not, you will have to halve the engine again, because of the chain alone. Is it necessary? The chain is a consumable. Never skimp on it!

Personally, I never check timing chains. I simply throw them in the trash, no matter how awesome they seem to me. A chain is a consumable item for me, just like a spark plug, oil or oil seal. But if you are important, or money is tight, you can use the old fashioned way.

Why is there a knock?

It's all just wear and tear. Either the chain drive itself or its “tensioner” fails; now, as a rule, it is hydraulic, somewhat similar to a hydraulic compensator.

I would like to immediately say about a cold and hot engine . When cold, if the oil does not meet the standards, even a new “tensioner” will not be able to effectively pump it into itself. This also happens in very cold weather, when the lubricant becomes thick. Then the chain will rattle for a while and then calm down. When it’s “hot,” it’s already worn out, the whole point is that it can no longer hold pressure, or the chain drive has stretched to a critical value.

In any case, if you feel that there are abnormal sounds coming from under the hood, you need to urgently go and look at the timing system.

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